All References

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American Psychiatric Association (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed., rev.). Washington, DC: Author.

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Baker, J. P. (2008). Mercury, vaccines, and autism: One controversy, three histories. American Journal of Public Health98(2), 244-253.

Bender, L., Goldschmidt, L., & Siva, D.V. (1962). LSD-25 helps schizophrenic children. American Druggist, 146(13), 33. Retrieved from

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Desper, L.J. (1971). Reflections on early infantile autism. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 1(4), 363-367. Retrieved from

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Factor, D. C., Freeman, N. L., & Kardash, A. (1989). Brief report: A comparison of DSM-III and DSM-III-R criteria for autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 19(4), 637-640.

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Grinker, R. R. Unstrange Minds. New York: Basic Books, 2007.

Happe, F., Ronald, A., & Plomin, R. (2006). Time to give up on a single explanation for autism. Nature Neuroscience, 9(10),  1218-1220.

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Lo-Castro, A., Benvenuto, A., Galasso, C., Profirio, C., Curatolo, P. (2010). Autism spectrum disorders associated with chromosomal abnormalities. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4, 319-327.

Lovaas, Ivar. (1987) Behavioral Treatment and Normal Educational and Intellectual Functioning in Young Autistic Children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. (55) 3-9

Lundstrom, S., Haworth, C., Carlstrom, E., Gillberg, C., Mill, J., Rastam, M., Hultman, C. M., Ronald, A., Anckarsater, H., Plomin, R., Lichtenstein, P., Reichenberg, A. (2010). Trajectories leading to autism spectrum disorders are affected by paternal age: findings from two nationally representative twin studies. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(7), 850-856.

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Reichenburg, Abraham; et al. (2006) Advancing Paternal Age and Autism. American Medical Association. Arch Gen Psychiatry.63:1026-1032.

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Williams, P. G., Hersh, J. H., Allard, A., Sears, L. L. (2008). A controlled study of mercury levels in hair samples of children with autism as compared to their typically developing siblings. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2, 170-175.


ABA Therapy Help for Autism. Posted by Tyler Jackson. Retrieved from!

Autism Symptoms. posted by newsanchormom. retrieved from

Autism Symptoms. Retrieved from

Bacteria photo:

Bernard Rimland. Retrieved from

Bruno Bettelheim. Retrieved from

Children with puzzle pieces photo retrieved from:

Diagram of Chromosomal Abnormalities: Lo-Castro, A., Benvenuto, A., Galasso, C., Porfirio, C., & Curatolo, P. (2010). Autism spectrum disorders associated with chromosomal abnormalities. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4, 319-327.

Diagram of MNS, behavior, and autism: Southgate, V., & Hamilton, A. F. C. (2008). Unbroken mirrors: Challenging a theory of autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 12(6), 225-229.

Double helix photo:

DSM photo retrieved from:

Eugene Bleuler. Retrieved from

Gluten image:

Hans Asperger. Retrieved from

Injection photo retrieved from:

Ivar Iovaas. Retrieved from

Leo Kanner Retrieved from

Mercury cartoon:

Mother’s Age Tied to Autism. Posted by CNN. Retrieved from

NourishingHope (2008). Retrieved from

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